University of Bremen Stephanie Seul
University of Bremen, photo: Stephanie Seul

I have taught classes on the history of media and communication in the interdisciplinary General Studies programme of the University of Bremen and in the B.A. and M.A. programmes at the ZeMKI, Centre for Media, Communication and Information Research. I am passionate about the past and seek to inspire in my students an interest in, and understanding of, historical processes and to help them develop critical thinking.

Studying history is not about learning dry facts and dates. Above all, it is about learning how to explore the past through primary source materials and to organise knowledge in precise writing. Students need to learn how to read sources and place them in their historical context. Therefore, primary sources play an essential part in my teaching. An increasing number of sources have been digitized and are easily available in the classroom. I familiarise students with the use of digitized historical newspapers and other digital historical archives and with the methods of digital history.

Moreover, I work with students to develop their presentations and writing skills in class as well as in individual meetings during my office hours. My goal is to help them think independently, to draw their own conclusions from the historical sources, and to train them to express their ideas and arguments in a clear and well-structured manner. I encourage students – in particular those writing their undergraduate (B.A.) and graduate (M.A.) dissertations – to come to my office and to discuss their writing plans before and during the writing process.

I strive to improve my teaching by learning new skills and taking into account student evaluations. Therefore, I always listen to students and seek to adapt, where necessary, my teaching plan to suit their needs. I turn up prepared for class, and I expect the same of my students.

Iowa Digital Library
Frederick W. Kent, Students in lecture hall, The University of Iowa, 1920s?
Frederick W. Kent Collection of Photographs,
University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, Iowa


“The American Press and the Holocaust, 1933-1945” (Seminar, General Studies)

American newspapers reported extensively about Hitler and the Nazi regime’s brutal treatment of Jews and political opponents. In 1933 alone, the United States boasted over 2,000 daily newspapers, and the majority of American households read one. However, the press coverage of the Holocaust has been criticised by historians who argued that the American press failed to adequately highlight the dimension and radical nature of Nazi Jew-hatred and to rouse public opinion in favour of the persecuted Jews. Laurel Leff, studying the New York Times, wrote that the “Final Solution” was hidden from readers on the inside pages and, in view of the newspaper’s influence on other media, from the American public at large. This seminar will explore how American newspapers responded to the Holocaust, what the public knew about the systematic persecution and murder of the Jews, and why the press failed to communicate the distinctiveness of the Nazi plan to wipe out the Jews as a people. Students will not only study key texts of the historiography, but also watch the 2022 documentary series by Ken Burns, Lynn Novick and Sarah Botstein, “The U.S. and the Holocaust: A History to be Reckoned With”. Moreover, we will explore primary source materials researched in digitised newspaper archives.

Download the syllabus here.

Student evaluations

I was quite distressed emotionally in the weeks following October 7th [2023], but I am glad I stuck by the decision to participate in this class, it was very valuable.

The atmosphere [in class] was very comfortable, the lecturer was very approachable and encouraging throughout.

I’ve learned how to find and work with primary sources and digital archives. I wasn’t aware that these sources were so ‘readily’ and easily accessible and available to me!

I have rarely experienced such a multi-varied approach to the learning materials in a history seminar.

The multi-medial approach to the topic was very engaging!! & the opportunity for us to give so much input with our presentations and discussions!

I believe what made my learning outcome positive is how meticulously structured and organised the seminar was. […] For someone who knew little about the seminar topic, [the teaching materials] did contribute tremendously to my understanding.

“British Propaganda Directed at Nazi Germany, 1938-1945” (Seminar, General Studies)

During the Second World War, the BBC’s German-language broadcasts and British leaflets dropped by the Royal Air Force over the Reich were an important alternative source of information for many Germans. Germany’s media had been strictly censored and manipulated since 1933. Listening to foreign radio stations was illegal and penalties ranged from fines and confiscation of radio sets to imprisonment in a concentration camp, or even capital punishment. But the ban did not prevent Germans from listening to the BBC and reading British leaflets by their millions. British propaganda played a crucial part in British foreign policy and warfare towards Nazi Germany. It not only aimed at informing the German people about the British view of the war, but sought to undermine the German fighting morale and stir up popular resistance against the Nazi regime. Its ultimate aim was to help shorten the war. To achieve this aim the British government also employed ‘black’ propaganda as a method of subversive warfare. This seminar will familiarise students with the political aims, strategies and content as well as the bureaucracy and media of British propaganda during 1938 to 1945. Students will not only study key texts of the historiography, but also explore primary source materials.

Download the syllabus here.

Student evaluations

I liked the structure of your class. It was very organised and thought of. (…) Thank you for sharing your knowledge, I really appreciated your seminar!

I really liked the amount of primary sources you used & the assignments as well as your structure of the seminar & your reading in general.

Especially the videos in the earlier sessions were a great way of getting people to participate.

The discussions could not have been better because the students came to class already informed through their own reading.

Thank you really much for putting so much effort into this seminar. I really enjoyed it and learned a lot.

“Women War Reporters in the First World War: A Reading and Research Seminar” (General Studies)

War reporters are closely connected to the cultural, military and social history of the First World War. Whether they reported from the battle fields, the vicinity of the front or the home front, they offered their eyewitness accounts of the war and its impact on soldiers and civilians to the wider public. Between 1914-1918 women journalists from belligerent and neutral countries gained access to the war theatres and published their eyewitness accounts and photographs in newspapers and magazines around the world. They covered all aspects of the war, thus complementing the war images provided by men. This seminar will familiarise students with the lives and work of women war reporters. Students will study key texts of the historiography and explore primary source materials from international digitised newspaper archives. By reading about women’s lives, and reading the texts they wrote, they will be acquainted with the First World War and the role women journalists played in representing the conflict to the wider public.

Download the syllabus here.

Student evaluations

I really enjoyed the seminar and your teaching style. (…) It’s always nice to visit a lecture where the lecturer is really interested in the topic.

The structure of the seminar was very helpful, it was clean and varied and added rhythm to the course rather than doing only one kind of work during two hours.

I liked that this seminar included women from different countries & walks of life (…). The introduction to online archives was also great.

I really liked how the course was structured. The focus on different women and different topics really gave an overview of the subject. (…) I found the assignments particularly relevant for the course. It was not too much and the instructions were very clear. (…) I really enjoyed the digital newspaper assignment. We put ourselves in the shoes of researchers and we could observe how it’s done. (…) I also liked when you gave us articles to read from archives about the women war reporters (or what they wrote). (…) All in all, the format of the course was really good, very entertaining and I was never bored. Thank you so much! You were a very attentive and passionate teacher!

“The Press and Antisemitism in Weimar Germany 1918-1933” (Seminar, M.A. level)

This is an introduction to the history of German Jews and antisemitism during the Weimar Republic. It introduces students to digitised sources and methods. It discusses the role of the press in spreading Jew-hatred and explores the different forms of antisemitic publicity. Moreover, it asks whether sections of the press sought to combat the spread of antismitism. A case in point is the German-Jewish press which openly campaigned against antisemitism during the Weimar era. Students also explore how the foreign press responded to Weimar antisemitism. They will work with a vast array of digitised newspaper archives, and with a substantial collection of microfilmed newspapers held at the University Library.

Student evaluations

The teacher was always ready to help.

The assignments could be individually negotiated with the teacher.

I liked that we discussed the historical roots of a current topic. The analysis of primary sources was much more interesting than merely studying the secondary literature.

“Introduction to Media and Communication Studies 2: Media system and Media Change” (Seminar, B.A. level)

This course, which complements the lecture “Introduction to Media and Communication Studies 2: Media System and Media Change”, is organised in two parts. The first part teaches academic research and writing skills. Students learn how to compile a bibliography, critically read and cite the literature, write summaries of academic texts, give presentations, and write essays. The second part offers an overview of the history of media and communication from early modern times to the 20th century. It includes an introduction to digitised sources and methods of digital history.

Student evaluations

The teacher is very competent and committed.

The seminar was well structured and the assignments clearly defined.

The teaching of academic research and writing skills was excellent.

When we were under time pressure, the teacher negotiated new deadlines with us.

Thesis Supervision

I have supervised B.A. and M.A. thesis subjects ranging from the First World War to the Nazi era. Topics include an analysis of letters and diaries written by British and German nurses on the Western Front 1914-1918 (David Vogel), and a study of Nazi sound propaganda. Simon Sax analysed the voting recommendations in the German-Jewish Press prior to the Reichstag elections of September 1930 and July 1932. He was awarded the 2017 Matthias Erzberger prize for the best BA thesis on the history of the Weimar Republic by the ‘Verein Weimarer Republik’ and the ‘Forschungsstelle Weimarer Republik’ at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena.

I welcome applications from prospective undergraduate and graduate students wishing to write their B.A. or M.A. thesis on topics relating to media and communication history, Jewish history, women’s history, the history of the Weimar Republic, and the history of the two World Wars.

Student evaluations

I would like to thank you once again for your support. It was the right decision to change my topic at such short notice. The fact that you offered to supervise my Bachelor’s thesis was also a decisive criterion for me. Thank you very much for your constructive criticism and your helpfulness throughout the entire supervision period!

Thanks to the very good support of Dr. Seul, I was able to develop a precise question about my historical sources.


In addition, I have supervised students during mandatory internships for their undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in history, politics and communication studies. Student activities during the internship included research in microfilmed and digitized newspaper archives, feeding bibliographic references into a database, researching and reading primary sources and secondary literature, and writing articles for publication under their own names.

Student evaluation

I have worked with Dr. Seul from December 2020 to May 2021 on the topic “Female War Correspondents in the First World War”, with a particular focus on Italian journalists, e.g. Matilde Serao, Flavia Steno and Stefania Türr. The teacher is really kind and helpful. She has given me a lot of educational material in order to write articles. I have published pieces about Matilde Serao, Colette, and “Wonder Woman”. Dr. Seul speaks perfectly Italian and I was able to work with her both in Italian and German. Two blog posts are the fruit of our international collaboration.

Camilla Giordano